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Dissertations

Use this format to cite doctoral dissertations (1).

APA (6th) General Format Author last name, Author initials. (Date). Title of dissertation. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). Name of Institution, Location.
APA (6th) Example Armstrong, P.D. (1997). Employee assistant referrals: characteristics of referring and nonreferring supervisors. (Unpublished doctoral dissertation). University of Memphis, Memphis, TN.
MLA (7th) General Format Author last name, Author first name. "Title of Dissertation." Diss. Name of Institution, year written. Print. (2)
MLA (7th) Example Armstrong, Pat D. "Employee Assistant Referrals: Characteristics of Referring and Nonreferring Supervisors." Diss. U of Memphis, 1997. Print. (3)
Turabian General Format Author last name, Author first name. "Title of Dissertation." PhD diss., Name of Institution, date.
Turabian Example Armstrong, Pat D. "Employee Assistant Referrals: Characteristics of Referring and Nonreferring Supervisors." PhD diss., University of Memphis, 1997. (3)

NOTES:

(1) A dissertation abstract is treated differently; see your style manual for more details.

(2) MLA distinguishes between published and unpublished dissertations. A unpublished dissertation is illustrated. If published, underline the title and include the place of publication and the publisher.

(3) MLA allows the abbreviation U in the names of universities. Turabian does not.